Pain along the shin bone due to increased stress on the lower extremities or an imbalance of the lower extremity muscles.
Sprain is an injury to the ligaments which connect bone to bone. Strain is an injury to a muscle or tendon which connects bone to muscle. Sprain/Strain can result in pain, swelling, bruising and loss of range of motion.
Plantar fascia is a thick band of connective tissue on the sole of the foot. Can become irritated if a person is on their feet for long periods. Presents as pain with standing/walking – many note it is worst with the first steps of the morning.